bath architects,somerset architects,avon architects,bath builders,bath design,bath surveyors,architects,surveyors,bath,somerset,avon,bath spa,bath spa architects,spa,bennett,dlugiewicz,date,bristol architects,bristol builders,bristol surveyors,bristol,roman baths,roman,baths,bath abbey,abbey,bath rugby,rubgy,city of bath,city,bath university,university,bath uni,uni,hereford architects,hereford,london architects,london,midlands architects,midlands,devon architects,devon,cornwall architects,cornwall,cornish architects,cornish,westcountry architects,westcountry,west country architects,west country,english architects,english,england architects,england,welsh architects,welsh,wales architects,wales,scots architects,scots,scottish architects,scottish,scotland architects,scotland,british architects,british,britain architects,britain,uk architects,uk,european architects,european,europe architects,europe,dorset architects,dorset,liverpool architects,liverpool,manchester architects,manchester,architects architects architects bath bath bath bath somerset avon bath somerset somerset avon avon avon architects. walcot street walcot bath abbey surveyors architects Architecture can mean the art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures. The practice of an architect, where architecture means to offer or render professional services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings, that have as their principal purpose human occupancy or use. A general term to describe buildings and other structures. A style and method of design and construction of buildings and other physical structures. A wider definition may comprise all design activity, from the macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture). Architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing and constructing form, space and ambience that reflect functional, technical, social, and aesthetic considerations. It requires the creative manipulation and coordination of material, technology, light and shadow. Architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of realising buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimating and construction administration. As documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, architecture defines the structure and/or behaviour of a building or any other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed. Architectural works are often perceived as cultural and political symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.Bath is a city in the ceremonial county of Somerset in the south west of England. It is west of London and south-east of Bristol. The population of the city is 83,992. It was granted city status by Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I in 1590, and was made a county borough in 1889 which gave it administrative independence from its county, Somerset. The city became part of Avon when that county was created in 1974. Since 1996, when Avon was abolished, Bath has been the principal centre of the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset (B&NES). The city was first established as a spa resort with the Latin name, Aquae Sulis ("the waters of Sulis") by the Romans in AD 43 although verbal tradition suggests that Bath was known before then. They built baths and a temple on the surrounding hills of Bath in the valley of the River Avon around hot springs, which are the only ones naturally occurring in the United Kingdom. Edgar was crowned king of England at Bath Abbey in 973. Much later, it became popular as a spa resort during the Georgian era, which led to a major expansion that left a heritage of exemplary Georgian architecture crafted from Bath Stone. Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1720 and 1840. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I of Great Britain, George II of Great Britain, George III of the United Kingdom, and George IV of the United Kingdom—who reigned in continuous succession from August 1714 to June 1830.Georgian succeeded the English Baroque of Sir Christopher Wren, Sir John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor. Major architects to promote the change in direction from baroque were Colen Campbell, author of the influential book Vitruvius Britannicus; Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his protegé William Kent; Thomas Archer; and the Venetian Giacomo Leoni, who spent most of his career in England. The styles that resulted fall within several categories. In the mainstream of Georgian style were both Palladian architecture— and its whimsical alternatives, Gothic and Chinoiserie, which were the English-speaking world's equivalent of European Rococo. From the mid-1760s a range of Neoclassical modes were fashionable, associated with the British architects Robert Adam, James Gibbs, Sir William Chambers, James Wyatt, Henry Holland and Sir John Soane. Greek Revival was added to the design repertory, after Georgian architecture is characterized by its proportion and balance; simple mathematical ratios were used to determine the height of a window in relation to its width or the shape of a room as a double cube. "Regular" was a term of approval, implying symmetry and adherence to classical rules: the lack of symmetry, where Georgian additions were added to earlier structures, was deeply felt as a flaw. Regularity of housefronts along a street was a desirable feature of Georgian town planning. Georgian designs usually lay within the Classical orders of architecture and employed a decorative vocabulary derived from ancient Rome or Greece. The most common building materials used are brick or stone. Commonly used colours were red, tan, or white. However, modern day Georgian style homes use a variety of colours.Full text is available under the Creative Comm ons Attribu tion-ShareA like Lic ense from Wi kip idia.